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The Idanre forest cluster covering an area of 2159.2km2 is ecologically located within the unique Nigerian lowland forest ecoregion, which is part of the Guinea-Congolean moist forest zone and has been identified as biologically important as one of the last two remaining forest blocks in south-western Nigeria of high conservation importance. The forest cluster is made up of five forest reserves namely Idanre, Akure-Ofosu, Ala, Owo, Onisheri, Otu, Irele forest reserves in Ondo State including Ohosu forest reserve in Edo State.
The Idanre forest cluster is equally the last remaining refuge and largest range of perhaps the most significant population of forest elephants in southwestern Nigeria and the Nigerian-Cameroon chimpanzee. Some other mammals being confirmed in this forest cluster are diurnal primates such as the Nigerian white throated monkey (Cercopithecus erythogaster pococki), the Nigerian putty nosed monkey (Cercopithecus nictitans insolitis), Mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona) and the red-capped mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus), and also forest buffalo (Synerus caffer nanus), red river hog (Potamochoerus porcus), Maxwell’s duiker (Cephalophus maxwelli), sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei), bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus), African civet (Civettictis civetta), Rock hyrax (Procavia spp.), Cuisimanse (Crossarchus ssp) and Western tree hyrax (Dendrohyrax dorsalis)  and the possible presence of  leopards (Panthera pardus).